Communication Engineering is a specialized field of engineering focused on computer and electrical engineering that seeks to improve and support telecommunication networks. The work generally ranges from simple circuit design to intricate mass improvements. In other words, the work in this field seeks to create communication systems that are robust and flexible enough to serve the rapidly changing needs of today’s business and organizational culture. There is a growing need for skilled engineers who have the ability to analyze and troubleshoot network technologies.
Communication Engineering has evolved to address the needs of all industries, from corporate communication to public sector communications. A strong understanding of analog and digital technologies is required by a Communications Engineer. Qualified communications engineers are needed in all sectors of the communication industry. Some areas of focus in communication engineering include: Digital Integrated Data Service (DIDS), Digital Multimedia Subsystems (DMSS), Wireless Datacasting and Networked Information Service (IIS)
In the early history of the telephone (and later the radio), a Communication Engineer was responsible for analyzing the physics and chemistry of voice signals in order to establish their frequency and power levels. Engineers would test circuits and devise ways to make waves reach their intended destinations. In more modern times, the primary focus of a communications engineer is designing the equipment and process by which signals are transmitted over long distances. One example of this includes telephone companies that rely on short-wave radios to transmit their calls. Engineers are also responsible for maintaining the integrity of analog telephone lines, modulating phone equipment, and handling any associated system problems.
A Communication Engineer must know all aspects of telecommunications systems, including wireless and wireline systems, traditional phones, digital and analog technologies, security, network services, and equipment maintenance and repair. Some professionals work solely on engineering projects, maintaining the integrity of communications and ensuring the proper functioning of equipment. Others have other responsibilities such as customer service and management. With a variety of responsibilities, a Communications Engineer can be both the architect and engineer of a company’s entire communications system. He or she can ensure that each section works together and that everything operates like a well-oiled machine.
Communication Engineering involves both the design and the operation of networks and other electronic equipment. Designing networks involves planning how devices will interconnect with one another and how they will be able to handle their load without going offline. Engineers design the physical hardware components of a network and build the communications infrastructure that supports it. They supervise all installation and maintenance tasks and keep all connections between different computers and electronic equipment updated and working properly. They also perform troubleshooting and any repairs necessary to keep equipment running smoothly.
Communication Engineering requires an extensive education, and students must pass both a state examination and the national exam to become certified. Most Communication Engineering students take both the national examination for the Specialized Entry Level Technician (SET) and the national examination for the Associate of Science in Electrical Engineering (ASCE) before they begin their course of study. Communication engineers must have excellent written and verbal communication skills, good interpersonal skills, and analytical abilities in order to succeed in the field. Communication engineers may choose to specialize in a specific area of engineering or to continue their education by obtaining additional education or certification.
Communication Engineering offers two major concentrations: Wireless Communication and Information Technology. Graduates of this program will be prepared for positions in both fields. Graduates of this program will typically find employment in Research and Development (R&D), Computer Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Wireless Communication, and Computer Information Systems. Communication Engineering candidates must complete a minimum of three years at a university before they can apply for employment in these various fields. Communication Engineering candidates who have not been employed in the field for two years after graduation are required to take a National Advertising Service (NAS) Examination.
The Bachelor of Science in Electrical and Computer Engineering offers great career opportunities for those who possess a clear understanding of analog and digital technology. This program allows students to specialize in either wireless communication or information technology. Those who choose to pursue specialists such as optical communication, optical data transmission, microelectronic devices, or microprocessors must first complete all the general engineering courses and take the Narten I CE. All students must pass a test for their degree to become certified in the field. Students should be sure to review all school policy and procedures before beginning the program.